Delirium management in critically ill patients

Enrique Calvo-Ayala, Babar Khan


Delirium among critically ill patients is common. Presence of delirium imparts a poorer prognosis to patients, including longer ICU and hospital length of stay, increased risk of institutionalization, higher health related costs, and elevated mortality. Even with such grave consequences, the rates of delirium diagnosis are dire. The importance of early recognition through validated tools and appropriate management of this life-threatening condition cannot be over emphasized. This article provides an overview of delirium pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management with a focus on critically ill patients.

Keywords: intensive care unit; critical illness; acute brain dysfunction; delirium; coma.

Received: September 29, 2012; Accepted: November 30, 2012; Published: January 12, 2013

Corresponding Author: Babar A. Khan, MD, MS, 410 West 10th Street, Suite 2000, Indianapolis, IN 46202 USA.E-mail:

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.


Articles featured on this website are opinion pieces composed by the authors, and not necessarily those of the editors or Journal of Symptoms and Signs. While every effort is made to ensure that the content of this website is accurate, the website is provided “as is” and Journal of Symptoms and Signs makes no representations or warranties in relation to the accuracy or completeness of the information found on it. While the content of this site is provided in good faith, we do not warrant that the information will be kept up to date, be true and not misleading, or that this site will always be available for use.

Journal of Symptoms and Signs

ISSN 2309-6195