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Author Guidelines

Editors' Responsibilities

Manuscripts are evaluated by the editors in consultation with peer referees. Authors may suggest potential reviewers; the editors, however, are not bound by these suggestions. Referees' substantive evaluations are solicited with editorial guarantees of anonymity. Referees may, however, waive anonymity. Editors have responsibility for all final decisions regarding manuscripts. The evaluation process takes a minimum of two to three months. Authors are notified as soon as a decision is reached to accept or reject a manuscript. Acceptance may be offered on the condition that revisions are undertaken. Rejection may be outright or with the possibility of reconsideration after revision, which may entail a new round of evaluations.


Authors' Responsibilities

Authors are responsible for the content of their papers, for the accuracy of quotations and their correct attribution, for the legal right to publish any material submitted and the appropriate handling of issues of co-authorship, and for submitting their manuscripts in proper form for publication. Authors bear the responsibility for securing written permission, when necessary, for figures, tabular materials, or any other material protected by international copyright laws. Evidence of such permission must accompany a final submission. Attribution for figures, etc., should be given with the manuscript, preferably in the caption for each figure. A manuscript submitted to the journal must not be under consideration by any other journal or publication medium at the same time, or have been published elsewhere. After a manuscript has been accepted, and before it is published, the author or authors (in cases where papers are co-authored or jointly authored) will be asked to sign copyright-release forms, which must be received before actual publication takes place.

Research carried out on humans must be in compliance with the Helsinki Declaration, and any experimental research on animals must follow internationally recognized guidelines. A statement to this effect must appear in the Methods section of the manuscript, including the name of the body which gave approval, with a reference number where appropriate.

Authors from pharmaceutical companies, or other commercial organizations that sponsor clinical trials, should adhere to the Good Publication Practice guidelines for pharmaceutical companies, which are designed to ensure that publications are produced in a responsible and ethical manner. The guidelines also apply to any companies or individuals that work on industry-sponsored publications, such as freelance writers, contract research organizations and communications companies.


Types of manuscript

Original Articles present new information that makes a substantial contribution to the body of knowledge on the subject. The text should be divided into sections with the headings Abstract (see below), Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Disclosures and Acknowledgments, and References. Word limit: 7500 words, including references.

Expert Opinion are (mini)-reviews which are usually invited by the Editor or Section Editors.

Review Articles are Narrative or systematic review. It is expected that a full length review will provide an up to date, comprehensive treatise on the subject matter with detailed citations to direct readers to the appropriate original work.

Clinical reports include new information from either a clinical trial or observational study that can effectively be described in a paper requiring no more than 5000 words (not including references). A structured abstract is required.

Nursing Care include articles address patient safety, innovative and effective approaches to improving quality and safety in healthcare, research on quality care, and evidence-based practice in nursing.

Case Reports in all areas of clinical medicine related to symptom control and treatment.


Special issues and supplemental issues proposal

Suggestions for special issue or supplemental issue topics and guest editors can be sent to Hoo Senyeon,


Submission to JSS

To submit original article for review, you will first need to register with the site as an author. When you log in as an author, you will be guided through the submission process.


Preparing the Manuscript

Title page (separate page, number as page 1)

Title and Running title (if any) —The title should be concise but informative.

Author Listing — List authors’ full names and their degrees in the order in which they are to appear in the published article. For correspondence purposes, please include each author’s name, academic and clinical appointments, primary affiliation, mailing address, telephone and facsimile numbers, and e-mail address. Designate a corresponding author.

Abstract —JSS requires that all manuscripts include a brief structured abstract of the article with the headings of Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. (Approximately 350 words)

Key words — Provide key concepts of the articles (3-6 MeSH terms)


Disclosure (conflict of interest)



Sections of the Manuscript for original work


Materials and Methods





Length of text is generally limited to 15-20 typewritten pages, plus bibliography, tables, and figures. Limit references and tables/figures as appropriate. Headings should be brief and contain no abbreviations. Position all headings at the left margin.

Use only three levels of headings in the text, and clearly indicate the levels of headings by using the following typographic conventions:

First-level headings: Initial Capital Letters, Boldface

Second-level headings: Initial Capital Letters, Italics, Boldface

Third-level headings: Initial Capital Letters, Italics


Abbreviations and Symbols

Use only standard abbreviations for clinical and technical terms. Keep abbreviations to a minimum, and explain thoroughly those used. Do not abbreviate the names of symptoms or diseases or anatomic and histologic characteristics. Use standard abbreviations for units of measurement (eg, 3 mL for 3 milliliters) and standard scientific symbols (eg, Na for sodium).

Units of Measurement

Use SI units throughout for hematologic and clinical chemistry measurements. When reporting values for such commonly studied components as cholesterol, Cpeptide, glucose, thyroxine, and urea nitrogen, the value should be reported in SI units with conventional units given in parentheses.

Proprietary and Generic Names

Wherever possible, generic terms should be used for all drugs. Proprietary names may be included in parentheses following the generic name. Instruments may be referred to by proprietary name, but the name and location of the manufacturers must be provided in parentheses.

Reference style

Number references consecutively in the bibliography as they appear in the text. Use the AMA style, as shown in the following examples:

Book—single author

[1] Shepard TH. Catalog of Teratogenic Agents. 7th ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press; 1992.

Book—more than one author(list all authors if six or less, otherwise list first three followed by "et al.")

[2] Baselt RC, Cravey RH. Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man. 4th ed. Foster City, CA: Chemical Toxicology Institute; 1995.

Book—with editors

[3] Armitage JO, Antman KH, eds. High-dose Cancer Therapy: Pharmacology, Hematopoietins, Stem Cells. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1995.

Chapter from a book

[4] Degner LF, McWilliams ME. Challenges in conducting cross-national nursing research. In: Fitzpatrick JJ, Stevenson JS, Polis NS, eds. Nursing Research and its Utilization: International State of the Science. New York, NY: Springer; 1994:211-215.

Article from journal—single author

[5] Moldofsky H. Sleep, neuroimmune and neuroendocrine functions in fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Adv Neuroimmunol. 1995;5:(1):39-56

Article from journal--more than one author(list all authors if six or less, otherwise list first three followed by "et al.")

[6] Raux H, Coulon P, Lafay F, Flamand A. Monoclonal antibodies which recognize the acidic configuration of the rabies glycoprotein at the surface of the virion can be neutralizing. Virology. 1995;210(2):400-408.

Monographic series

[7] Davidoff RA. Migraine: Manifestations, Pathogenesis, and Management. Philadelphia, Pa: FA Davis; 1995. Contemporary Neurology Series, No. 42.

Online journals with volume and page information

[8] Simon JA, Hudes ES. Relationship of ascorbic acid to blood lead levels. JAMA. 1999;281:2289-2293. http://url. Accessed July 11, 2009.

Online journals without volume and page information

[9] Mast CT, DeMuro-Mercon C, Kelly CM, Floyd LE, Ealter EB. The impact of rotavirus gastroenteritis on the family. BMC Pediatrics. 2009;9:11. doi:10.1186/1471-2431-9-11

Online web site

[10] King MW. The Medical Biochemistry Page. Updated July 14, 2009. Accessed July 14, 2009.


Tables and Figures

Tables require headings, and figures require legends. Explain all abbreviations used. Images should be submitted as jpg, pdf or tif files — no less than 300 dpi.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

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Journal of Symptoms and Signs

ISSN 2309-6195